title

ویژگی ها و اثرات بهداشتی فرم آلدئید و استالدئید در یک منطقه شهری ایران

دلیخون, مهدیه and فضل زاده دویل, مهدی and سروشیان, آرمین and نوروزیان باقانی, عباس and قلاکی, محمد and آشورنژاد, قدیر and برخورداری, عبداله (1397) ویژگی ها و اثرات بهداشتی فرم آلدئید و استالدئید در یک منطقه شهری ایران. Environmental Pollution ــ 242 (part A). pp. 938-951. شاپا 0269-7491

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Title

Characteristics and health effects of formaldehyde and acetaldehyde in an urban area in Iran

English Abstract

This study reports a spatiotemporal characterization of formaldehyde and acetaldehyde in the summer and winter of 2017 in the urban area of Shiraz, Iran. Sampling was fulfilled according to EPA Method TO-11 A. The inverse distance weighting (IDW) procedure was used for spatial mapping. Monte Carlo simulations were conducted to evaluate carcinogenic and non-cancer risk owing to formaldehyde and acetaldehyde exposure in 11 age groups. The average concentrations of formaldehyde/acetaldehyde in the summer and winter were 15.07/8.40 μg m−3 and 8.57/3.52 μg m−3, respectively. The formaldehyde to acetaldehyde ratios in the summer and winter were 1.80 and 2.43, respectively. The main sources of formaldehyde and acetaldehyde were photochemical generation, vehicular traffic, and biogenic emissions (e.g., coniferous and deciduous trees). The mean inhalation lifetime cancer risk (LTCR) values according to the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) for formaldehyde and acetaldehyde in summer and winter ranged between 7.55 × 10−6 and 9.25 × 10−5, which exceed the recommended value by US EPA. The average LTCR according to the Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) for formaldehyde and acetaldehyde in summer and winter were between 4.82 × 10−6 and 2.58 × 10−4, which exceeds recommended values for five different age groups (Birth to <1, 1 to <2, 2 to <3, 3 to <6, and 6 to <11 years). Hazard quotients (HQs) of formaldehyde ranged between 0.04 and 4.18 for both seasons, while the HQs for acetaldehyde were limited between 0.42 and 0.97.

Item Type:Article
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده اول :مهدیه دلیخون
نویسنده :مهدی فضل زاده دویل
نویسنده مسئول :عباس نوروزیان باقانی
Additional Information:Impact Factor (2017) 4.358 Indexed in: ISI, Pubmed/Medline/INdex Medicus, Scopus, Embase, Environmental Periodicals Bibliography, Current Contents/Agriculture, Biology & Environmental Sciences, Air Pollution Control Association Journal, Biological and Agricultural Index
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):Risk assessment, Formaldehyde, Acetaldehyde, LTCR, Hazard quotient
Subjects:WA Public Health > WA 30 Social, Economic, and Environmental factor in public health
WA Public Health > WA 30 Social, Economic, and Environmental factor in public health
Divisions:Faculty of Health > Department of Environmental health
ID Code:10417
Deposited By: MR Mahdi Fazlzadeh
Deposited On:28 May 1397 16:43
Last Modified:28 May 1397 16:43

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