عوامل واسطه ای در تشخیص زودرس سرطان پستان : از اولین تغییرات در سلامتی تا تشخیص بیماری

فولادی, نسرین and پورفرضی, فرهاد and دانشیان, آیدا and علیمحمدی, سارا (1397) عوامل واسطه ای در تشخیص زودرس سرطان پستان : از اولین تغییرات در سلامتی تا تشخیص بیماری. Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention ــ 19 (10). pp. 2751-2755. شاپا 1513-7368


Official URL: http://journal.waocp.org/article_70479.html


Mediating Factors in Early Diagnosis of Breast Cancer: from Initial Changes in Health to Breast Cancer Detection

English Abstract

Background: Breast cancer is one of the most frequently occurring cancers in women throughout the world. In Iran, according to available reports, 70% of patients with breast cancer are detected at the advanced stages of the disease. Materials and Methods: This study is of descriptive-analytic cross-sectional type.160 female patients was selected. The data in this study was collected via face to face interview using a questionnaire based on the Anderson’s delay model. Data were analyzed using SPSS 22 and the significance level was considered to be 0.05. Results: The results showed that presence of mass was the first symptom in many of women, i.e., 76 cases (47.5%). not only the presence of mass in the breast, but also any other symptom, hadn’t been taken as a serious problem initially by women. Non-improvement of the symptoms and exacerbation of the symptoms was considered as a symptom of illness by patients. After considering the changes as the symptoms of illness, patients had tried to treat the disease through different methods of self-treatment. The failure of the self-treatment in controlling the symptoms, had directed the patients toward seeking for medical services. Out of 160 patients, 49 patients (39.6%) changed the time of their appointment with doctor. 110 cases (68%) out of 160 patients, rather than initiating relevant diagnostic procedure related to the disease, had received non-specific and non-related therapeutic measures. Conclusion: Pondering on the results yields that patient-related delays, resulting from their lack of awareness of the disease, cultural factors, and fear, can only play an important role in postponement of visiting a physician, but in the diagnosis of disease it is the inability of general practitioners in performing differential diagnoses, and making request for related diagnostic measures which can significantly increase the lag time until the onset of the main treatment.

Item Type:Article
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده مسئول :نسرین فولادی
نویسنده :فرهاد پورفرضی
نویسنده :سارا علیمحمدی
Additional Information:Indexed in: Pubmed/PMC/Medline/Index Medicus, Scopus, INDEX COPERNICUS, EMBASE, DOAJ,
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):Breast Cancer; delay; Anderson model
Subjects:WA Public Health > Public Health Education WA.18
WA Public Health > Public Health Education WA.18

WP Gynecology
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Department of Pediatrics , Community Medicine
ID Code:10594
Deposited By: Dr Nasrin Fouladi
Deposited On:15 Jul 1397 17:36
Last Modified:19 Aug 1397 16:59

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