title

ارتباط معکوس بین مصرف کافئین و علائم افسردگی در بزرگسالان ایالات متحده: داده های بررسی ملی سلامت و تغذیه (NHANES) 2005-2006

ایرانپور, سهراب and صبور, سیامک (1397) ارتباط معکوس بین مصرف کافئین و علائم افسردگی در بزرگسالان ایالات متحده: داده های بررسی ملی سلامت و تغذیه (NHANES) 2005-2006. Psychiatry Research ــ 271 . pp. 732-739. شاپا 0165-1781

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Title

Inverse association between caffeine intake and depressive symptoms in US adults: data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005–2006

English Abstract

The objective of this study was to examine the association between caffeine consumption and depressive symptoms. We used data from the 2005–06 National Health and Nutritional Examination Surveys (NHANES). A total of 4737 individuals aged ≥ 18 years who answered the caffeine intake and PHQ-9 questionnaires were selected for this study. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) with total scores between 0 and 27. Those with PHQ-9 total scores ≥ 10 were considered as having clinically relevant depression. To investigate the association of caffeine intake and PHQ-9 scores, a multiple logistic regression was used in different models. The overall weighted prevalence of depression was 5.5% (4.3% in men and 6.6% in women). After controlling for potential confounders (age, sex, family PIR, education, marital status, disease history, sleep disorders, thyroid problems, physical activity, social support, smoking, total energy, and cholesterol, retinol, vitamin A, beta-carotene, beta-criptoxanthin, vitamin B1, iron, and phosphorus levels), a significant nonlinear inverse association between caffeine consumption and PHQ-9 scores was observed. In conclusion, caffeine's psychostimulant properties appear to protect against depressive symptoms; however, additional prospective studies are required to ascertain whether or not caffeine consumption can lead to a decrease in depressive symptoms.

Item Type:Article
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده اول :سهراب ایرانپور
نویسنده مسئول :سیامک صبور
Additional Information:Impact Factor (2017) 2.223 Indexed in: ISI, Pubmed/Medline/Index Medicus, Scopus, EMBASE, Chemical Abstracts, BIOSIS, Current Contents/Life Sciences
Subjects:WM Psychiatry
WT Geriatrics . Chronic Diseases
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Department of Pediatrics , Community Medicine
ID Code:11451
Deposited By: mr s iranpour
Deposited On:06 Jan 1398 12:20
Last Modified:06 Jan 1398 12:20

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