title

مواجهه و ارزیابی ریسک هیدروکربن های آروماتیک چند هسته ای در هوای داخل قهوه خانه های شهر اردبیل، ایران

رستمی, روح اله and زارعی, احمد and سرانجام, بهزاد and غفاری, حمیدرضا and حضرتی, صادق and پورعشق, یوسف and فضل زاده دویل, مهدی (1398) مواجهه و ارزیابی ریسک هیدروکربن های آروماتیک چند هسته ای در هوای داخل قهوه خانه های شهر اردبیل، ایران. Building and Environment ــ 155 . pp. 47-57. شاپا 0360-1323

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Title

Exposure and risk assessment of PAHs in indoor air of waterpipe cafés in Ardebil, Iran

English Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) bound to particulate matter (PM) in the indoor air of waterpipe cafés of Ardebil city, and to further assess the health risk due to exposure to PAHs. 50 out of 236 cafés were selected using systematic random sampling method and air samples were taken from standing breathing zone of smokers and employees, ∼150 cm above the ground level. The concentrations of PAHs were determined using GC-MS. The results showed that the mean indoor concentration of PAHs in the cafés was 5522.1 ± 594.8 ng/m3. It was 5915.2 ± 650.5, 2404 ± 271.4, and 7304.9 ± 846.0 ng/m3 for cafés with fruit flavored tobacco, regular tobacco, and the both, respectively. The means of the hazard quotient (HQ) for PAHs in different age groups, including 11 to <16, 16 to <21, 21 and older, and the cafés employees were 0.35, 0.75, 3.65, and 18, respectively. Also, the mean of estimated cancer risk for PAHs in the aforementioned age groups and employees were 0.65 (10−5), 1.31(10−5), 6.43 (10−5) and 31.3 (10−5), respectively. The results indicated the increased health risk levels related to the inhalation of tobacco smoke due to PAHs concentrations in the waterpipe cafés.

Item Type:Article
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده اول :روح اله رستمی
نویسنده :احمد زارعی
نویسنده :بهزاد سرانجام
نویسنده :حمیدرضا غفاری
نویسنده :صادق حضرتی
نویسنده :یوسف پورعشق
نویسنده مسئول :مهدی فضل زاده دویل
Additional Information:IF(2017): 4.539 Indexing: ISI, Scopus, Google scholar
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):Poly aromatic hydrocarbons, Risk assessment, Waterpipe cafés, Indoor air pollution, Particulate matter
Subjects:WA Public Health > WA 30 Social, Economic, and Environmental factor in public health
WA Public Health > WA 30 Social, Economic, and Environmental factor in public health
Divisions:Faculty of Health > Department of Environmental health
ID Code:11776
Deposited By: MR Mahdi Fazlzadeh
Deposited On:22 Mar 1398 14:25
Last Modified:22 Mar 1398 14:25

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