title

اثربخشی متوترکسات در کاهش درد و بهبود کیفیت زندگی بیماران با استئوآرترین متوسط تا شدید زانو

انتشاری مقدم, افسانه and عیسی زاده فر, خاطره and حبیب زاده, افشین and همتی, مهدی (1398) اثربخشی متوترکسات در کاهش درد و بهبود کیفیت زندگی بیماران با استئوآرترین متوسط تا شدید زانو. Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine ــ 9 (3). pp. 1-7. شاپا 2228-7523

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Title

Efficacy of Methotrexate on Pain Severity Reduction and Improvement of Quality of Life in Patients with Moderate to Severe Knee Osteoarthritis

English Abstract

Background: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) leads to low quality of life due to pain and limitation in daily activities. Recent studies indicated that Methotrexate (MTX) could reduce pain due to its anti-inflammatory effects. Objectives: In this study, the researchers aimed at evaluating the efficacy of MTX in pain control and improvement of quality of life in patients with moderate to severe knee OA. Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, 100 patients with moderate to severe knee OA were allocated to receive MTX (n = 50) 7.5 mg weekly to be increased to 15 mg weekly after first months or placebo (n = 50) for six months. Pain severity was measured using the numerical rating scale (NRS), so was functional status by Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) and quality of life by SF-12 questionnaire before the treatment, and three months and six months after the intervention. The results were compared between the groups subsequently. Nine patients from the MTX group were excluded due to the use of corticosteroids during the treatment period. Results: The MTX group compared to the placebo group had significant improvement in pain severity and quality of life during six months and WOMAC parameters at three and six months after the intervention. The need for NSAIDS was slightly higher in the placebo group with no significant difference (22% versus 36%, P = 0.14). The MTX adverse effects were not observed. Conclusions: Treatment of moderate to severe knee OA with MTX could reduce pain severity and improve functional status and quality of life in OA patients.

Item Type:Article
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده اول :افسانه انتشاری مقدم
نویسنده :خاطره عیسی زاده فر
نویسنده مسئول :افشین حبیب زاده
نویسنده :مهدی همتی
Additional Information:Indexed in: Pubmed/PMC, Scopus, ISC, SID, Magiran
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):Knee Osteoarthritis, Pain, Quality of Life, Methotrexate
Subjects:WE Musculoskeletal system
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Educational Development Office
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Internal Medicine , Cardiology , Infectious
ID Code:11813
Deposited By: Dr Khatereh Isazadehfar
Deposited On:25 Feb 1398 15:36
Last Modified:23 Feb 1399 10:24

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