شیوع اختلالات دفع و اختلالات روانپزشکی همراه با آن در کودکان و نوجوانان ایرانی

محمدی, محمدرضا and حجت, سیدکاوه and احمدی, نسترن and علوی, سید سلمان and هوشیاری, زهرا and خالقی, علی and احمدی, آمنه and شکیبا, علی and امیری, شاهرخ and مولوی, پرویز (1400) شیوع اختلالات دفع و اختلالات روانپزشکی همراه با آن در کودکان و نوجوانان ایرانی. Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine ــ 14 (1). pp. 19-29. شاپا 1874-5393

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Prevalence of elimination disorders and comorbid psychiatric disorders in Iranian children and adolescents

English Abstract

Purpose: Currently, there is a paucity of studies on the prevalence of Elimination Disorders among Iranian children and adolescents. Due to the ongoing need to monitor the health status of these children and adolescents, the present study aims to investigate the prevalence of Elimination Disorders and comorbid disorders in Iranian children and adolescents. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 29,781 children and adolescents age 6 to 18 years old were selected and studied from all the provinces in Iran. The sampling was carried out by employing a multistage cluster sampling method, and several clinical psychologists using semi-structured interviews collected the data. Furthermore, clinical psychologists collected demographic information (including information about gender, age, place of residence, education level, and parental education level). The collected data were analyzed using SPSS version 20. Results: Generally, the prevalence of Elimination Disorders was found to be 5.4% covering both enuresis (p= 5.4, 95% CI = 5.1-5.7) and encopresis (p= 0.13, 95% CI = 0.09-0.2). The total prevalence of comorbid disorders was 38%, and among the comorbid disorders, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (p= 11, 95% CI = 9.5-12.7) and Separation Anxiety (p= 10.6, 95% CI = 9.1-12.2) were the most prevalent. Conclusion: The prevalence of Elimination Disorders in Iranian children and adolescents is moderate compared to similar studies elsewhere. As for comorbid disorders, ADHD and Separation Anxiety were found to be the most prevalent disorders. Since Elimination Disorders coexist with psychiatric disorders in children, further studies of these comorbidities may give better insight into the treatment and prognosis of Elimination Disorders.

Item Type:Article
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده اول :محمدرضا محمدی
نویسنده مسئول :سیدکاوه حجت
نویسنده :نسترن احمدی
نویسنده :سید سلمان علوی
نویسنده :زهرا هوشیاری
نویسنده :علی خالقی
نویسنده :آمنه احمدی
نویسنده :علی شکیبا
نویسنده :شاهرخ امیری
نویسنده :پرویز مولوی
Additional Information:Indexed in: PubMed/Medline, Scopus, ESCI, Embase
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):Prevalence, Elimination Disorders, enuresis, encopresis, comorbid psychiatric disorders
Subjects:WM Psychiatry
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology , Psychiatry , Neurology
ID Code:14202
Deposited By: Dr Parviz Molavi
Deposited On:29 Jan 1400 13:20
Last Modified:31 Mar 1400 09:26

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