ویژگی های مصرف کنندگان تنباکوی طعم دار و بدون طعم: یک مطالعه محیطی میدانی

ابراهیمی کلان, محمد and اباذری, مالک and Ben Taleb, Ziyad and ادهم, داود and عباسی قهرمانلو, عباس and Bursac, Zoran and D Ward, Kenneth and O Cobb, Caroline and Behaleh, Raed and Lynn Wipfli, Heather and فضل زاده دویل, مهدی (1400) ویژگی های مصرف کنندگان تنباکوی طعم دار و بدون طعم: یک مطالعه محیطی میدانی. Environmental Science and Pollution Research ــ 28 (41). pp. 57639-57629. شاپا 0944-1344

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11356...


Characteristics of flavored and non-flavored waterpipe tobacco users: a real-world setting study

English Abstract

We aimed to compare sociodemographic characteristics, smoking patterns, beliefs and perceptions, nicotine dependence, and psychological indicators between flavored waterpipe (WP) tobacco (FWT) and non-flavored WP tobacco (non-FWT) smokers in Iran. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 94 WP-serving venues surrounding Tehran and Ardabil metropolitans in Iran. Convenience sampling was applied to select 900 current WP smokers [508 (56%) FWT-only and 392 (44%) non-FWT-only smokers] aged 18 years and older. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the independent characteristics of FWT and non-FWT smokers. Compared to non-FWT smokers, FWT smokers were younger (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]=0.88, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.87–0.90) and more likely to have ≥ 1 sibling who smoked WP (AOR=1.54, 95% CI: 1.06–2.24), share WP with others (AOR=2.52, 95% CI: 1.68–3.77), report current cigarette smoking (AOR=2.05, 95% CI: 1.23–3.42), and report confidence in quitting at any time (AOR=3.64, 95% CI: 2.45–5.39). FWT smokers were less likely to have seen (AOR=0.40, 95% CI: 0.27–0.60) or read (AOR=0.44, 95% CI: 0.24–0.80) warning messages on WP tobacco packages relative to non-FTW smokers. The most common self-reported reason for smoking WP was entertainment for both groups, followed by stress relief for non-FWT smokers and the escape from loneliness for FWT smokers. FWT-only smokers differ from non-FWT-only smokers in several aspects including being younger, having more positive beliefs and perceptions regarding WP use, and having higher cigarette smoking prevalence. These findings will help in developing more effective and targeted policies and cessation interventions for WP smokers according to flavor type they use, especially in the Middle East.

Item Type:Article
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده اول :محمد ابراهیمی کلان
نویسنده :مالک اباذری
نویسنده :Ziyad Ben Taleb
نویسنده مسئول :داود ادهم
نویسنده :عباس عباسی قهرمانلو
نویسنده :Zoran Bursac
نویسنده :Kenneth D Ward
نویسنده :Caroline O Cobb
نویسنده :Raed Behaleh
نویسنده :Heather Lynn Wipfli
نویسنده مسئول :مهدی فضل زاده دویل
Additional Information:IF: 4.223 Indexed in: ISI , PubMed/Medline , Scopus
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):Flavor , Waterpipe , Hookah , Galyan , Tobacco , Smoking , Iran
Subjects:WA Public Health > Public Health Education WA.18
WA Public Health > Public Health Education WA.18
Divisions:Faculty of Health > Department of Public health
Faculty of Health > Department of Public health
Faculty of Health > Department of Public health

Faculty of Health > Department of Environmental health
ID Code:15058
Deposited By: Dr Davoud Adham
Deposited On:18 Oct 1400 13:11
Last Modified:18 Oct 1400 13:11

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