title

اپیدمیولوژی مسمومیت حاد با مواد مخدر در اردبیل

فرزانه, اسماعیل (1388) اپیدمیولوژی مسمومیت حاد با مواد مخدر در اردبیل. در: کنگره سالیانه طب اورژانس ایران, 22/10/1388, مرکز همایش های بین المللی رازی تهران.

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Title

Epidemiology Of Acute opiate overdose in North West Of Iran

English Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The global epidemic of opiate use continues to spread and is an increasing burden especially in developing countries. Acute opiate overdose is one of the most dramatic complications of drug abuse. The purpose of this study is to examine the epidemiology of acute opiate overdose in a poisoning center in Ardabil. METHODS: In this cross-sectional survey, patients who attended the emergency room of Emam Khomeini hospital -the poisoning center in Ardabil- and diagnosed with acute opiate overdose over a tow years period were included. RESULTS: Overdose was more common among men (93.1%). The mean and standard deviation of age was 34.5+/-13. The most frequent opiate agent was opium (49.5%) followed by tramadol. Opium was most commonly used by regular users, as a single agent and through ingestion. Benzodiazepines, alcohol and antidepressants were the most common agents consumed accompanied with opiates. The mortality rate was 6.1% which was not significantly different between cases of tramadol and opium overdose. CONCLUSION: Opium was the major cause of overdose in our study. This result suggests that opium is not a harmless form of addiction although it is regarded as a thing of the past in many countries.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده مسئول :اسماعیل فرزانه
Uncontrolled Keywords:اپیدمیولوژی ، اوپیات ، مسمومیت ، ترامادول
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):epidemiology , opiate , overdose , tramadol
Subjects:WM Psychiatry
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Department of Internal Medicine , Cardiology , Infectious
ID Code:1571
Deposited By: Dr Esmaeil Farzaneh
Deposited On:18 May 1389 03:47
Last Modified:07 Dec 1391 08:58

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