نیاز سنجی برمبنای نظر مردم جامعه در یک جامعه شهری، یک پروژه با مشارکت مردم وبا روش پژوهش در حین عمل

صادقیه اهری, سعید and حبیب زاده, شهرام and یوسفی سادات, محرم and امانی, فیروز and عبدی, رضا (1390) نیاز سنجی برمبنای نظر مردم جامعه در یک جامعه شهری، یک پروژه با مشارکت مردم وبا روش پژوهش در حین عمل. BMC Public Health ــ 12 (161). شاپا 1471-2458

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Community based needs assessment in an urban area; A participatory action research project

English Abstract

Background Community assessment is a core function of public health. In such assessments, a commitment to community participation and empowerment is at the heart of the WHO European Healthy Cities Network, reflecting its origins in health for all and the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. This study employs a participation and empowerment plan in order to conduct community assessment. Methods The method of participatory action research (PAR) was used. The study was carried out in an area of high socio-economic deprivation in Ardabil, a city in the northwest of Iran, which is currently served by a branch of the Social Development Center (SDC). The steering committee of the project was formed by some university faculty members, health officials and delegates form Farhikhteh non-governmental organization and representatives from twelve blocks or districts of the community. Then, the representatives were trained and then conducted focus groups in their block. The focus group findings informed the development of the questionnaire. About six hundred households were surveyed and study questionnaires were completed either during face-to-face interviews by the research team (in case of illiteracy) or via self-completion. The primary question for the residents was: 'what is the most important health problem in your community? Each health problem identified by the community was weighted based on the frequency it was selected on the survey, and steering committee perception of the problem's seriousness, urgency, solvability, and financial load. Results The main problems of the area appeared to be the asphalt problem, lack of easy access to medical centers, addiction among relatives and unemployment of youth. High participation rates of community members in the steering committee and survey suggest that the PAR approach was greatly appreciated by the community and that problems identified through this research truly reflect community opinion. Conclusions Participatory action research is an effective method for community assessments. However, researchers must rigorously embrace principles of mutual cooperation, respect for public ideas, and a robust belief in community empowerment in order to pave the way for responsible and active citizen participation in the various stages of research

Item Type:Article
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده اول :سعید صادقیه اهری
نویسنده مسئول :شهرام حبیب زاده
Additional Information:Impact Factor 2010: 2.364 Indexed by : ISI (Science Citation Index Expanded), PubMed/MEDLINE,PubMed Central , Scopus, Embase
Uncontrolled Keywords:
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):needs assessment ; action research
Subjects:WA Public Health
WA Public Health
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Department of Pediatrics , Community Medicine
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Internal Medicine , Cardiology , Infectious
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Basic Sciences > Department of Vital Statistics
ID Code:3208
Deposited By: Dr Shahram Habibzadeh
Deposited On:18 Dec 1390 10:31
Last Modified:20 Feb 1399 16:30

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