title

پروفایل مسمومیت با منواکسید کربن در غرب ایران

یاری, میترا and فولادی, نسرین and احمدی, حبیب and نجفی, فرید (1391) پروفایل مسمومیت با منواکسید کربن در غرب ایران. Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan ــ 22 (6). pp. 381-384. شاپا 1022-386X

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Official URL: http://www.jcpsp.pk/index.php?code=SkNQU1B8QXJ0aWN...


Title

Profile of Acute Carbon Monoxide Poisoning in the West Province of Iran

English Abstract

Objective: To document the epidemiology and risk factors of acute carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning in the west of Iran and specify potentially presentable characteristics. Study Design: Observational study. Place and Duration of Study: Imam Khomeini Hospital of Kermanshah, Iran, from July 2006 to March 2008. Methodology: This study was conducted using the records of 143 cases of CO poisoning referred to the only centre for the reference of poisoning cases. Intent, age groups, source of poisoning and clinical presentation were noted and described as frequency. Results: One-hundred forty two cases (99.3%), were accidental and only one case (0.7%) was suicidal. Mortality was (21.7%, n=31). The highest mortality was found in the age groups of 20-30 years and below 10 years. The greatest frequency happened in autumn and winter. The clinical symptoms and manifestations of CO poisoning included headache (35.3%), nausea (25.4%), vomiting (21%), dyspnea (10.3%), and decrease in level of consciousness (8%). Gas water heaters (35%), room heaters (32%), stoves (24%) and other items (9%) were the principal sources of the individuals' exposure to CO. Conclusion: CO poisoning is a serious public health problem in west of Iran (Kermanshah). The number of CO poisoning cases was highest in the colder seasons of the year, whereas the majority of the poisoning cases could be prevented.

Item Type:Article
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده :میترا یاری
نویسنده مسئول :نسرین فولادی
نویسنده :حبیب احمدی
نویسنده :فرید نجفی
Additional Information:AImpact Factor (2012)0.301 Indexed : ISI, PubMed (NLM-USA), Embase/Excerpta Medica of Netherlands, 3-ExtraMed of London, CAB International, UK, Index Medicus for Eastern Mediterranean Region (IMEMR), PakMediNet, Index Medicus
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):co poisoning , epidemiology , accidental exposure
Subjects:WA Public Health > WA 30 Social, Economic, and Environmental factor in public health
WA Public Health > WA 30 Social, Economic, and Environmental factor in public health
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Department of Pediatrics , Community Medicine
ID Code:3359
Deposited By: Dr Nasrin Fouladi
Deposited On:18 Mar 1391 09:33
Last Modified:19 Nov 1394 12:36

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