title

مدولاسيون بيان ژن تومور نكروز فاكتور آلفاناشي از پرتو در نخاع گردني موش توسط ملاتونين

حدادی, غلامحسين and شیرازی, علیرضا and سپهری زاده, ضرغام and حدادی, مریم and رفاهی, سهیلا (1391) مدولاسيون بيان ژن تومور نكروز فاكتور آلفاناشي از پرتو در نخاع گردني موش توسط ملاتونين. در: World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, IFMBE, 6-11 خرداد ماه 1391, چين - پكن.

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Title

Modulation of Radiation – Induced tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) Gene Expression in the Rats Spinal Cord by Melatonin

English Abstract

The spinal cord is the major dose- limiting organ for radiotherapy of cancer in the head and neck region. Understanding the cellular and molecular mechanisms may help to develop strategies to either increase the radiation tolerance or to treat spinal cord alterations induced by irradiation. Radiation exposure leads to oxidative stress and necrosis in many cell types including neurons. Radiation – induced apoptosis has also been observed in animal models. The exact mechanism and the genes that are activated in the process of radiation- induced apoptosis has not established yet. However many events that occur at the cell surface and intracellular during apoptosis in the nervous system have been reported. There is literature to support possible roles for TNF- α contributor to apoptosis in the CNS. In the last decade, there have been reports on the anti apoptotic effect of melatonin, an endogenous compound mainly synthesized by the pineal gland in the human brain. The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in TNF-α in the spinal cord after neck irradiation with 22 Gy. In addition, we evaluated the ability of melatonin to modulate the radiation - induced TNF-α gene expression in this animal model of spinal cord irradiation. A number of rats were divided into four groups: 1. Control group; 2. Group that was treated with intraperitonial injection of melatonin; 3.Group of rats which got melatonin 30 min. prior to cervical spinal cord gamma irradiation at a dose of 22 Gy; and 4.Group that was given an intraperitonial injection of vehicle and the spinal cord radiation. The expression of TNF- α was evaluated by real time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (Real time RT-PCR). The finding indicates that melatonin down-regulates the TNF- α gene expression in the spinal cord in response to radiation.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده مسئول :غلامحسين حدادی
Uncontrolled Keywords:ملاتونين - راديوتراپي - طناب نخاعي - تي ان اف آلفا
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):Spinal cord , Radiotherapy , TNF- α , Melatonin
Subjects:QV pharmacology
QY Clinical Pathology
WL Nervous system
WN Radiology . Diagnostic Imaging
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Department of Basic Sciences > Department of Medical Physics
ID Code:3363
Deposited By: MS Soheila Refahi
Deposited On:18 Mar 1391 09:14
Last Modified:26 Nov 1391 10:08

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