تعیین میزان مقاومت فنوتیپی نسبت به ماکرولید-لینکوزآمید و استرپتوگرامین بی در سویه های استاف اورئوس جدا شده از دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اراک

ژاپونی نژاد, علیرضا (1391) تعیین میزان مقاومت فنوتیپی نسبت به ماکرولید-لینکوزآمید و استرپتوگرامین بی در سویه های استاف اورئوس جدا شده از دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اراک. در: The 13th Iranian & The Second International Congress of Microbiology, July 14 – 16, 2012, Ardabil - Iran.

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Official URL: http://congress.arums.ac.ir/index.php/IICM/5/sched...


Detection of Inducibale Clindamycin Resistance in Community Associated S. aureus Isolated From Healthy Student at Arak University of Medical Sciences

English Abstract

Background & Objectives: Therapeutic failure to clindamycin has been reported due to mechanisms which confer resistance constitutively, or by the presence of low level inducers which can lead to therapeutic failure. The increasing frequency of Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections and the changing patterns in antimicrobial resistance have led to renewed interest in the use of macrolide lincosamide– streptogramin B (MLSB) antibiotics to treat such infections . Inducible MLSB resistance cannot be determined by using standard susceptibility test Methods. The disc diffusion test, based on the D test, showed four phenotypes.(1) D positive (iMLSB Phenotype), (2) D negative (MSB Phenotype), (3) Constitutive resistance (cMLSB Phenotype (4) Sensitive phenotype. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of the macrolides-lincosamides-streptogramins B (MLSB) resistance in community associated s.aureus isolated from healthy students at Arak university of Medical sciences. Methods: 82 S. aureus strains isolated from the anterior nares of 568 healthy students at Arak university of Medical sciences. All samples were subjected to S. aureus–specific isolation procedures (Catalase, Coagulase, Clumping factor, DNase, Thermostable nuclease, 162 bp of sa442 gene), the double disc test was applied by placing erythromycin and clindamycin discs on these isolates to investigate the inducible and constitutive MLSB resistance phenotypes and MS phenotype as well as Methicillin resistance was detected by using a 30 μg cefoxitin disc. Results: Among the 82 community acquired Staphylococcus aureus, 3.65%(3) were Methiclicin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) and 96.35% (79) were Methicillin sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MSSA). of the 82 S. aureus strains,11%(9) showed constitutive(cMLSB Phenotype) , 2.4%(2) the inducible phenotype ( D positive ), 2.4%(2) D negative (MSB Phenotype) and 84.2%(69) Sensitive Phenotype.All of the CA-MRSA showed constitutive phenotype. Conclusion: Our study shows that in community associated s.aureus strains, constitutive MLSB rasistance rate was found to be higher than the rate of inducible rasistance.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده مسئول :علیرضا ژاپونی نژاد
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):Community Associated S. aureus , Clindamycin , Resistance
Subjects:QW Microbiology and Immunology
Divisions:Vice Chancellor for Research and Technology > Deputy for Research and Technology management and Medical Information > University of Management Conferences and Congresses
ID Code:4604
Deposited By: MS Soghra Golmaghani
Deposited On:10 Jun 1392 12:53
Last Modified:10 Jun 1392 12:53

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