جداسازی و شناسایی ملکولی سویه های باسیلوس تولید کننده سلولاز از خاک جنگل

پاست, سحر and ناظمی, علی and موسوی خسرو شاهی, ساناز and صالحی زاده, آرزو (1391) جداسازی و شناسایی ملکولی سویه های باسیلوس تولید کننده سلولاز از خاک جنگل. در: The 13th Iranian & The Second International Congress of Microbiology, July 14 – 16, 2012, Ardabil - Iran.

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Official URL: http://congress.arums.ac.ir/index.php/IICM/5/sched...


Isolation and Molecular Identification of Cellulase-Producing Bacillus Strains From The Forest Soil

English Abstract

Background & Objectives: Cellulose is the best carbohydrate storage molecule for production of energy in biological systems. Bacterial and Fungal Cellulases play an important role in hydrolysis and use of cellulose. Endoglucanases hydrolyze glycosidic bonds in cellulose and convert it to glucose. The aim of this study was to isolate and identify new strains of the genus Bacillus from the forest soil, with the ability to produce cellulase. Methods: in this study was conducted from different 35 soils the forest located in the West of Mazandaran, Iran, and 40 bacterial isolates were collected of this located and Finally were isolated 24 bacterial by using Gram’s iodine test for their ability in production of cellulase on carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC agar) . The temperature and time optimization were thereafter performed on the strains. The bacterial species were identified by 16S rDNA sequencing and the approximate molecular weight of the enzyme was determined by protein precipitation and SDS-PAGE. Results: A number of 5 strains belonging to the 5 species including Bacillus Cereus, Bacillus Subtilis, Bacillus Thuringiensis, Bacillus megaterium and Bacillus mycoides, were identified in this study. The highest amounts of the enzyme were produced at 37 °C for 96 hours by all identified species. The highest level of cellulase production belonged to a Bacillus Subtilis strain with 3.8 u/ml. The molecular weight of cellulase isolated from this strain was determined to be about 60 kDa. Conclusion: This study shows the high potential of cellulase production by Bacillus species isolated from the forested areas. These bacteria can directly be used for production of glucose syrup from vegetable fibers a well as in other industries

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده مسئول :سحر پاست
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):Molecular Identification ; Bacillus ; Cellulases
Subjects:WA Public Health > WA 30 Social, Economic, and Environmental factor in public health
WA Public Health > WA 30 Social, Economic, and Environmental factor in public health

QW Microbiology and Immunology
Divisions:Vice Chancellor for Research and Technology > Deputy for Research and Technology management and Medical Information > University of Management Conferences and Congresses
ID Code:4706
Deposited By: MS Soghra Golmaghani
Deposited On:08 Jul 1392 10:42
Last Modified:08 Jul 1392 10:42

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