تنوع بيان ژن هاي توكسين هاي كلستريديوم ديفيسيل در پاسخ به آنتي بيوتيك ها

شایگان مهر, فرحناز سادات and عظیمی راد, معصومه and آل بویه, مسعود and اصلانی, محمد مهدی and داربویی, مجتبی and زالی, محمدرضا (1391) تنوع بيان ژن هاي توكسين هاي كلستريديوم ديفيسيل در پاسخ به آنتي بيوتيك ها. در: The 13th Iranian & The Second International Congress of Microbiology, July 14 – 16, 2012, Ardabil - Iran.

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Official URL: http://congress.arums.ac.ir/index.php/IICM/5/sched...


Diversity of the Clostridium difficile Toxins Genes Expression in Response to Antibiotics

English Abstract

Background & Objectives: Clostridium difficile is causative agent of severe intestinal disease in hospitalized patients. Increased expression of the bacterial toxins (TcdA / TcdB) in response to prescribed antibiotics is important in the disease progress. The aim of this study was to investigate diversity of different clinical isolates of C. difficile in expression of these toxins in the presence or absence of different antibiotics at similar conditions. Methods: Suspicious isolates of C. difficile which had been obtained from hospitalized patients fecal samples were cultured on specific medium and confirmed with PCR for cdd3 gene. Susceptibility of the isolates was determined against five different antibiotics by agar dilution Methods according to the CLSI guideline. Differences in level of toxin expression were determined for five isolates with different resistance profiles by Elisa methods after growth in appropriate culture medium at t24. Based levels of differences in expression potency of the toxins were considered in all of the estimations. Results: Different isolates in this study showed 2-15 fold of changes in expression of these toxins at same condition. Diversity in expression of C. difficile toxins in medium with ciprofloxacin, amikacin, ceftazidime, metronidazole and imipenem were 1.24, 1.16, 0.679, 0.531 and 0.124, respectively. The results showed highest induction effects of ciprofloxacin and amikacin and low induction effect of metronidazole and ceftazidime in expression of the bacterial toxins. Interestingly imipenem has an inhibitory effect in the expression levels of these toxins. Conclusion: Our findings showed that different isolates have different ability in production of C. diffiile toxins and also different antibiotics have different induction effect in expression of these toxins. It is possible that some antibiotics can effect as a positive inducer on toxin gene expression. So it is essential to investigate the effect of antibiotics on the bacterial growth and expression of their toxins genes.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده اول :فرحناز سادات شایگان مهر
نویسنده مسئول :معصومه عظیمی راد
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):Clostridium difficile ; ELISA ; Gene Expression
Subjects:QW Microbiology and Immunology
WI Digestive System
Divisions:Vice Chancellor for Research and Technology > Deputy for Research and Technology management and Medical Information > University of Management Conferences and Congresses
ID Code:4719
Deposited By: MS Soghra Golmaghani
Deposited On:09 Jul 1392 08:24
Last Modified:20 Dec 1392 09:44

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