شیوع بالای کلبسیلا پنومونیه تولید کننده CTX-M-15 جدا شده از بیماران در بیمارستانهای تهران، ایران

درخشان, صفورا and نجار پیرایه, شهین and فلاح, فاطمه and بخشی, بیتا and رهبر, محمد and محمدزاده, مونا and اشرفی, احمد (1391) شیوع بالای کلبسیلا پنومونیه تولید کننده CTX-M-15 جدا شده از بیماران در بیمارستانهای تهران، ایران. در: The 13th Iranian & The Second International Congress of Microbiology, July 14 – 16, 2012, Ardabil - Iran.

Text - Published Version

Official URL: http://congress.arums.ac.ir/index.php/IICM/5/sched...


High Prevalence of CTX-M-15-Producing Klebsiella pneumoniae Isolated From Patients at Tehran Hospitals, Iran

English Abstract

Background & Objectives: CTX-M-type β-lactamases are increasingly becoming the predominant ESBLs globally in recent years. The aim of this study were to determine the antibiotic susceptibility and to detect the genes encoding some blaCTX-M groups among the K. pneumoniae isolated from Tehran hospitals, Iran. Methods: A total of 200 isolates were collected from different clinical samples during March - December 2011 and identified as K. pneumoniae using biochemical tests. A PCR Methods was used to detect the 16S–23S internal transcribed spacer unit of K. pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae, facilitating identification of this organism. Susceptibility of isolates to 14 different antibiotic disks was determined using agar disk diffusion methods. The combination disk methods was used for phenotypic detection of the ESBL- producing strains. To amplify the blaCTX-M the template DNA was extracted by boiling methods. Results: All 200 strains were susceptible to imipenem except one. Most of the isolates showed high level of antibiotic resistance: augmentin (121/200, 60.5%), cefotaxime and ceftriaxone (120/200, 60%), aztreonam (118/200, 59%), and ceftazidime (114/200, 57%). The phenotypic confirmatory test detected 115 from 200 isolates (57.5%) as ESBL producer.The prevalence of blaCTX-M-1 group was 114 from 200 strains (57%), that all blaCTX-M-1 were identified as blaCTX-M-15 by PCR except three. The blaCTX-M-9 group was not detected. Conclusion: The results showed that blaCTX-M-15 is the dominantblaCTX-M-1 ESBL among the resistant strains of K. pneumoniae in Tehran. Continued monitoring of drug resistance is necessary in clinical settings for proper disease management

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده اول :صفورا درخشان
نویسنده مسئول :شهین نجار پیرایه
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):Klebsiella pneumoniae ; Antibiotic Resistance ; CTX-M β-lactamase
Subjects:QW Microbiology and Immunology
QZ Pathology
Divisions:Vice Chancellor for Research and Technology > Deputy for Research and Technology management and Medical Information > University of Management Conferences and Congresses
ID Code:4834
Deposited By: MS Soghra Golmaghani
Deposited On:01 Aug 1392 13:54
Last Modified:01 Aug 1392 13:54

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