بررسی تنوع مولکولی کلستريديوم ديفيسيل های جداشده از منابع مختلف با روش AP-PCR

پیرزاده, طاهره and اخی, محمدتقی and آقازاده, محمد and قدرتی, مجید and حاجی بنابی, فرید (1391) بررسی تنوع مولکولی کلستريديوم ديفيسيل های جداشده از منابع مختلف با روش AP-PCR. در: The 13th Iranian & The Second International Congress of Microbiology, July 14 – 16, 2012, Ardabil - Iran.

Text - Published Version

Official URL: http://congress.arums.ac.ir/index.php/IICM/5/sched...


DNA Fingerprinting of Clostridium Difficile Isolated from Different Sources by AP- PCR Methods

English Abstract

Backgroun& Objectives: Clostridium difficile is considered as the main etiological agent of hospital acquired antibiotic associated diarrhea and pseudomembranous colitis. The aim of this study was to investigate epidemiological and molecular relationships of isolates by AP-PCR. Methods: Three hundred and eighty five samples including 250 stool specimens and 135 environmental samples from various regions of the hospital were collected. Specimens were cultured and suspected colonies were identified by biochemical tests and gas liquid chromatography as complementary test Then 84 C. difficile isolates were typed by AP- PCR methods. Results: Out of 84 C. difficile isolates which were cultured for the first time in north west of Iran, 18%, 10.4%, 32%, 44% and 28% were isolated from staff, hospital environment, patients at first day of admission, the same patients after seven days of hospitalization and symptomatic patients, respectively. Recovery rate of C. difficile in the pulmonary ward was 35.7%. C. difficile was most frequently culturedfrom doorknobs (13.3%). The results obtained showed that 12% of hospitalized patients were colonized by C. difficile during seven days of hospitalizations. All 84 C. difficile were confirmed by production of isovaleric and isocaproic acids using GLC technique. All isolates were separated into 12 genotypes by AP-PCR Methods, with 31% falling into group I. Conclusion: Stool culture is an important methods for investigation of C. difficile. Typing by AP-PCR distinguish different strains of C. difficile and trace their spread in the hospital environment. C. difficile is frequently transmitted among hospitalized patients, staff, and their hospital environment. Preventive measures are needed to reduce nosocomial acquisition of C. difficile.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده مسئول :طاهره پیرزاده
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):Clostridium difficile ; Arbitrarily Primed- PCR ; Gas Liquid Chromatography
Subjects:QW Microbiology and Immunology
WA Public Health
WA Public Health

WI Digestive System
WX Hospital and other health Facilities
Divisions:Vice Chancellor for Research and Technology > Deputy for Research and Technology management and Medical Information > University of Management Conferences and Congresses
ID Code:4858
Deposited By: MS Soghra Golmaghani
Deposited On:05 Aug 1392 10:34
Last Modified:05 Aug 1392 10:34

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...