بررسی تنوع مولکولی کلستريديوم ديفيسيل های جداشده از منابع مختلف با روش AP-PCR

پیرزاده, طاهره ، اخی, محمدتقی ، آقازاده, محمد ، قدرتی, مجید ، حاجی بنابی, فرید (1391) بررسی تنوع مولکولی کلستريديوم ديفيسيل های جداشده از منابع مختلف با روش AP-PCR. در: The 13th Iranian & The Second International Congress of Microbiology, July 14 – 16, 2012, Ardabil - Iran.

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آدرس اینترنتی رسمی : http://congress.arums.ac.ir/index.php/IICM/5/sched...

عنوان انگليسي

DNA Fingerprinting of Clostridium Difficile Isolated from Different Sources by AP- PCR Methods

خلاصه انگلیسی

Backgroun& Objectives: Clostridium difficile is considered as the main etiological agent of hospital acquired antibiotic associated diarrhea and pseudomembranous colitis. The aim of this study was to investigate epidemiological and molecular relationships of isolates by AP-PCR. Methods: Three hundred and eighty five samples including 250 stool specimens and 135 environmental samples from various regions of the hospital were collected. Specimens were cultured and suspected colonies were identified by biochemical tests and gas liquid chromatography as complementary test Then 84 C. difficile isolates were typed by AP- PCR methods. Results: Out of 84 C. difficile isolates which were cultured for the first time in north west of Iran, 18%, 10.4%, 32%, 44% and 28% were isolated from staff, hospital environment, patients at first day of admission, the same patients after seven days of hospitalization and symptomatic patients, respectively. Recovery rate of C. difficile in the pulmonary ward was 35.7%. C. difficile was most frequently culturedfrom doorknobs (13.3%). The results obtained showed that 12% of hospitalized patients were colonized by C. difficile during seven days of hospitalizations. All 84 C. difficile were confirmed by production of isovaleric and isocaproic acids using GLC technique. All isolates were separated into 12 genotypes by AP-PCR Methods, with 31% falling into group I. Conclusion: Stool culture is an important methods for investigation of C. difficile. Typing by AP-PCR distinguish different strains of C. difficile and trace their spread in the hospital environment. C. difficile is frequently transmitted among hospitalized patients, staff, and their hospital environment. Preventive measures are needed to reduce nosocomial acquisition of C. difficile.

نوع سند :موضوع کنفرانس یا کارگاه (پوستر )
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده مسئول :طاهره پیرزاده
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):Clostridium difficile ; Arbitrarily Primed- PCR ; Gas Liquid Chromatography
موضوعات :QW میکروب شناسی و ایمنی شناسی
WA بهداشت عمومي
WA بهداشت عمومي

WI سیستم گوارشی
WX بیمارستانها و دیگر مراکز درمانی
بخش های دانشگاهی :معاونت تحقیقات و فناوری > مديريت تحقیقات و فناوری و اطلاع رساني > مدیریت همایش ها و کنگره های دانشگاه
کد شناسایی :4858
ارائه شده توسط : خانم صغری گلمغانی
ارائه شده در تاریخ :05 آبان 1392 10:34
آخرین تغییر :05 آبان 1392 10:34

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