title

بررسی حضور و فعالیت ضد میکروبی انتروسین A در میان باکتریهای انتروکوکوس فاسیوم بومی ایران

حاتمی, زینب and صالحی, میترا and مصوری, نادر and رضوی پور, رویا and ع نم نم, مرضیه and جام شهریاری, محمد (1391) بررسی حضور و فعالیت ضد میکروبی انتروسین A در میان باکتریهای انتروکوکوس فاسیوم بومی ایران. در: The 13th Iranian & The Second International Congress of Microbiology, July 14 – 16, 2012, Ardabil - Iran.

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Title

Molecular Detection and Antimicrobial Activity of Enterolysin a Endopeptidase among Enterococcus faecalis Strains

English Abstract

Background & Objectives: Enterococci are one of the gastero- intestinal tract commensal bacteria in humans and animals with ability to produce antimicrobial peptids. Enterolysin A is a large (calculated molecular weight of 34,501 Da), heatlabile bacteriocin and therefore fits the general characteristics of class IV bacteriocins. Target of present study is Molecular detection of enterolysin A gene among animal isolates of Enterococcus faecalis for their potential as biopreservatives in food or feed. Methods: In this study occurrence of class IV enterocin structural gene (enterolysin A) in a target of Enterococcus faecalis isolated from 63 samples of different locales of Tehran animal faeces have been surveyed. Enterococcal strains were isolated from other faeces Gram-positive and negative bacteria using Bile Aesculin Azide Agar medium and after strains purifications, E. faecalis species identification and occurrence of enterolysin A gene was performed by PCR Methods. Cell-free neutralized supernatant (of selected gene positive strains) was used to test bacteriocin production and antimicrobial spectrum of endopeptidase was assayed by diffusion Methods (disk) on the gram-positive and negative indicators bacteria. Results: 10 strains of E. faecalis were purified from 63 isolated samples. 6 strains of this 10 E. faecalise strains (60%) had enterolysin A gene that they inhibited growth of indicator bacteria such as clinical strain of Staphylococcus epidermidis, Listeria monocytogenes Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus cereus. Concolusion: This strains produce an endopeptidase, enterolysin A encoded by enl A, which is homologous to other cell wall lytic enzymes such as lysostaphin and zoocin A. However, unlike these enzymes enterolysin A has a broad spectrum of activity and can lyse a wide range of Gram-positive bacteria.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده مسئول :زینب حاتمی
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):Enterococcus faecalis ; PCR ; Enterolysin A
Subjects:QW Microbiology and Immunology
WD Nutrition Disease and metabolic diseases
Divisions:Vice Chancellor for Research and Technology > Deputy for Research and Technology management and Medical Information > University of Management Conferences and Congresses
ID Code:4907
Deposited By: MS Soghra Golmaghani
Deposited On:26 Aug 1392 09:50
Last Modified:07 Jul 1393 06:28

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