بررسی اپیدمیولوژی مولکولی و حساسیت ضد میکروبی گسترده طیف بتالاکتاماز تولید شده توسط سویه های بالینی اشریشیاکلی بیماران بستری در ICU شیراز، ایران

افضلیان, عصمت and قاسمی, یونس and کارگر, محمد and آرچین, طلیعه and هاشمی زاده, زهرا (1391) بررسی اپیدمیولوژی مولکولی و حساسیت ضد میکروبی گسترده طیف بتالاکتاماز تولید شده توسط سویه های بالینی اشریشیاکلی بیماران بستری در ICU شیراز، ایران. در: The 13th Iranian & The Second International Congress of Microbiology, July 14 – 16, 2012, Ardabil - Iran.

Text - Published Version

Official URL: http://congress.arums.ac.ir/index.php/IICM/5/sched...


Molecular Epidemiology and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Extended-Spectrum β-lactamases Produced by Clinical Isolates of Escherichia Coli Collected from ICU Patients in Shiraz, Iran

English Abstract

Background & Objectives: Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producing gram negative bacilli are a growing concern in human medicine today. When producing these enzymes, organisms (mostly E.coli and K.pneumoniae) become highly efficient at inactivating the newer third-generation cephalosporins. The aim of this study was to understand the molecular epidemiology of E.coli ESBL producers and to identify the ESBL genes carried by them. Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 195 clinical isolates of E.coli collected from ICUs was tested. Invitro susceptibility testing, screening for ESBL production and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was carried by the disk diffusion methods according to the CLSI (Clinical & Laboratory Standard Institute) guideline. All isolates were screened for the resistance genes TEM, CTX-M and SHV by a Multiplex PCR assay using universal primers. Data were analysed using ANOVA, chi-squre or Fisher exact tests. For all tests, p<0.05 was considered significant. Results: The occurrence of ESBL-producing strains in the studied population of patients was 60.51% based on initial screening using the double disk synergy test. The MIC of resistant isolates against cephotaxime using the E.test strips was determined: 23.86. The prevalence of ESBL-producing strains by PCR assay was 60.51% The presence of the ESBL genes was confirmed by DNA sequence analysis. Conclusion: These studies are essential for clinicians need to be aware of resistance rates observed in clinical isolates. Different prescription policies may influence the rates and patterns of resistance.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده اول :عصمت افضلیان
نویسنده مسئول :یونس قاسمی
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):ESBLs ; Escherichia coli ; Multiplex PCR ; ICU
Subjects:QW Microbiology and Immunology
WX Hospital and other health Facilities
Divisions:Vice Chancellor for Research and Technology > Deputy for Research and Technology management and Medical Information > University of Management Conferences and Congresses
ID Code:4949
Deposited By: MS Soghra Golmaghani
Deposited On:02 Sep 1392 13:57
Last Modified:02 Sep 1392 13:57

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...