ارزيابی فعاليت گوگردزدايی Klebsiella oxytoca ISA4 نوترکيب

علی ابراهیمی, شیما and ابراهیمی پور, غلامحسین and راهب, جمشید (1391) ارزيابی فعاليت گوگردزدايی Klebsiella oxytoca ISA4 نوترکيب. در: The 13th Iranian & The Second International Congress of Microbiology, July 14 – 16, 2012, Ardabil - Iran.

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Official URL: http://congress.arums.ac.ir/index.php/IICM/5/sched...


Desulfurization Activity Evaluation of Recombinant Klebsiella Oxytoca ISA4

English Abstract

Background & Objectives: In order to minimize the adverse effect of sulfur emissions from power plants and transportation fuels regulations have become increasingly strict. Oil refinery technology use physicochemical processes, such as hydrodesulfurization (HDS) to reduce sulfur content of diesel. However, polyaromatic sulfur heterocycles such as dibenzothiophene (DBT) are recalcitrant and the least reactive to HDS. Biodesulfurization (BDS) has been studied as a potential technology to complement or alternative the traditional HDS approaches. In this process, microorganisms have been applied which can selectively remove sulfur atoms from organosulfur compounds. Methods: A Bacterium designated as Klebsiella oxytoca ISA4, was isolated from oil-contaminated soil of Ahvaz, selected as the host due to its inability to catabolize DBT as a sole source of carbon and energy, solvent-tolerant and biosurfactant production characteristics. To improve biodesulfurization activity, the dszABC cluster from Rhodococcus erythropolis IGTS8 was amplified and cloned using pVLT31 vector in indigenous K. oxytoca ISA4 to express under control of tac promotor. In addition, the Gibbs’ assay and GC analysis were applied to measure the amount of 2-HBP production in this recombinant strain and compared its characteristics with those of R. erythropolis IGTS8 as a standard strain and Pseudomonas auroginosa pTSOX4 as a positive control. Duncan comparison tests were used to detect significant differences at a confidence level of 95% (P<0.05). Results: Further studies by Gibbs’ assay and GC analysis revealed that recombinant K. oxytoca ISA4 harboring dszABC genes exhibited the highest desulfurization ability (48%) in comparison with R. erythropolis IGTS8 (42%) and P. aeruginosa pTSOX4 (46%) within 72 h in stationary phase. Conclusion: This bacterium is a promising biocatalyst for desulfurizing system due to ability in production of biosurfactant which accelerates emulsification of organic phase. In addition, its desulfurization capability was higher than R. erythropolis IGTS8 according to analytical & statistical studies.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده مسئول :شیما علی ابراهیمی
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):Biodesulfurization ; DBT ; Klebsiella Oxytoca ; DszABC
Subjects:WA Public Health > WA 30 Social, Economic, and Environmental factor in public health
WA Public Health > WA 30 Social, Economic, and Environmental factor in public health

QW Microbiology and Immunology
Divisions:Vice Chancellor for Research and Technology > Deputy for Research and Technology management and Medical Information > University of Management Conferences and Congresses
ID Code:5242
Deposited By: MS Soghra Golmaghani
Deposited On:17 Oct 1392 10:56
Last Modified:17 Oct 1392 10:56

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