title

ارزیابی اثرات اضافه کردن کتامین به مرفین در بیدردی وریدی با کنترل بیمار بعد از جراحی ارتوپدی

اخوان اکبری, قدرت and محمدیان اردی, علی and انتظاری, مسعود (1392) ارزیابی اثرات اضافه کردن کتامین به مرفین در بیدردی وریدی با کنترل بیمار بعد از جراحی ارتوپدی. Perspectives in Clinical Research ــ 5 (2). pp. 85-87. شاپا 2229-3485

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Title

Evaluation the effects of adding ketamine to morphine in intravenous patient-controlled analgesia after orthopedic surgery

English Abstract

Background: Intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) with morphine is commonly used for post-operative pain after major surgery. Ketamine has analgesic property at lower doses, and in combination with opioids it could have synergistic effect. The aim of this study is to determine effects of the addition of ketamine to morphine for PCA after orthopedic surgery. Materials and Methods: In this double-blind randomized clinical trial, 60 patients were randomly allocated to receive PCA consisting: Group 1 (morphine 0.2 mg/ml), Group 2 (morphine 0.2 mg/ml + ketamine 1 mg/ml), and Group 3 (morphine 0.1 mg/ml + ketamine 2 mg/ml). In this, anesthesiologists managed study, patients had orthopedic surgery. Assessments were made at 24 h and 48 h post-operatively. Visual analog scale (VAS) was used for recording pain score. PCA morphine use was recorded at 24 h and 48 h. VAS scores over 48 h were analyzed with analysis of variance for repeated measures. Significance level was taken as 0.05. Results: There is no significant difference between demographic information of the three groups ( P > 0.05). Control of pain in Group 2 and Group 3 was better than in Group 1 (only morphine) ( P = 0.001) but there was no significant difference between Group 2 and Group 3 ( P > 0.05). Rate of narcotic consumption in groups 2 and 3 was significantly lower than Group 1 ( P < 0.05). Conclusion: After orthopedic surgery, the addition of ketamine to morphine for intravenous PCA was superior to Intravenous PCA opioid alone. The combination induces a significant reduction in pain score and cumulative morphine consumption.

Item Type:Article
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده اول :قدرت اخوان اکبری
نویسنده مسئول :علی محمدیان اردی
نویسنده :مسعود انتظاری
Additional Information:Indexing : PubMed , Pubmed Central, Caspur, CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure), EBSCO Publishing's Electronic Databases, Expanded Academic ASAP, Genamics JournalSeek, Google Scholar, Health & Wellness Research Center, Health Reference Center Academic, Hinari, Index Copernicus, Indian Science Abstracts, National Science Library, OpenJGate, PrimoCentral, ProQuest, SCOLOAR, SIIC databases, Summon by Serial Solutions and Ulrich's International Periodical Directory
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):Intravenous patient-controlled analgesia , ketamine , morphine , orthopedic surgery
Subjects:QV pharmacology
WO Surgery
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Department of Anesthesiology , Obstetrics & Gynecology
ID Code:5432
Deposited By: Dr Masood Entezariasl
Deposited On:12 Dec 1392 12:07
Last Modified:10 Jan 1393 09:03

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