رژیم غذایی و پیش گیری و درمان سرطان پستان

قربانی, اعظم and قزلباش, سيما and قزلباش, سحر (1392) رژیم غذایی و پیش گیری و درمان سرطان پستان. در: 9th International Breast Cancer Congress, 26-28 February 2014, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences,Tehran, Iran.

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Diet and the prevention and treatment of breast cancer

English Abstract

Background Breast cancer is the second most common cancer in the world and the most common cancer among women. About one third of cancers have generally been thought to be related to dietary factors. Diet is thought to account for about 25% of cancers in developed countries. It is well documented that the risks associated with both the breast cancer itself and its treatments are important for women previously treated for breast cancer. Methods This study was a comprehensive literature review performed through searches in databases such as Medline, PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, and Google Scholar using the terms " Breast Cancer, Diet, Prevention, Nutrition, Cancer treatment ". Findings According to the results of many studies higher serum levels of estrogen have been linked with risk of breast cancer. Dietary fat, insecticide residues, and alcohol result in higher estrogen activity. A variety of plant nutrients have estrogen-blocking activity. Thus a diet high in vegetables and fruit probably decreases breast cancer risk and that a diet high in total fat possibly increases risk. Incidence of breast cancer is lower in countries where the intake of phytoestrogens (e.g. soybean nuts) is high, implying that these compounds may reduce breast cancer risk, and possibly led to improvement in relapse-free survival. Current evidence justifies recommending that women of all ages follow a plant-based diet in which fat provides no more than 10% of calories, with the goals of preventing breast cancer and improving its prognosis in a low-cost, safe manner. Conclusions Rregarded to undeniable effect of diet in prevention and control of breast cancer, it seems health care providers, through education and counseling , have an effective role in health promotion and nutritional habits of individuals at high risk of breast cancer and its survivors. A wide variety of other dietary factors have been studied in relation to BC including total energy, dietary fiber, alcohol, micronutrients, phytochemicals, specific foods, and food constituents. Results of epidemiological studies relating consumption of these dietary factors to BC have increased the knowledge base that provides rationale for various nutritional strategies to contribute to BC prevention.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده اول :اعظم قربانی
نویسنده مسئول :سيما قزلباش
نویسنده :سحر قزلباش
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):Breast Cancer, Diet, Prevention, Nutrition, Cancer treatment
Subjects:QY Clinical Pathology
WP Gynecology
Divisions:Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery > Department of Nursing
ID Code:5454
Deposited By: MS Azam Ghorbani
Deposited On:18 Dec 1392 13:00
Last Modified:18 Dec 1392 13:00

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