اثرات کندسارتان، آنتاگونیست گیرنده های نوع یک آنژیوتانسین دو بر ایسکمی مغزی و ادم مغزی از طریق فعالیت آنتی اکسیدانی واسطه گری می شود

پناهپور, حمداله and بهلولی, شهاب and متولی باشی, سید اقبال (1392) اثرات کندسارتان، آنتاگونیست گیرنده های نوع یک آنژیوتانسین دو بر ایسکمی مغزی و ادم مغزی از طریق فعالیت آنتی اکسیدانی واسطه گری می شود. Neurophysiology ــ 45 (5/6). pp. 441-447. شاپا 1573-9007

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Official URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11062-...


Antioxidant Activity-Mediated Neuroprotective Effects of an Antagonist of AT1 Receptors, Candesartan, against Cerebral Ischemia and Edema in Rats

English Abstract

We examined the effects of post-ischemic blockade of angiotensin AT1 receptors by candesartan on cerebral infarction and formation of edema. Male Sprague–Dawley rats were divided into three groups, sham, control ischemic, and candesartan-treated (0.3 mg/kg) ischemic. Transient focal cerebral ischemia was induced by 90-min-long occlusion of the left middle cerebral artery followed by 24-h-long reperfusion. Neurological deficit score was evaluated at the end of the reperfusion period. Thereafter, the animals were randomly selected and used for three projects: (i) Measurement of the infarct volumes, (ii) investigation of ischemic brain edema formation using a wet/dry method, and (iii) assessment of the malondialdehyde (MDA) and reduced glutathione (GSH) concentrations using a HPLC technique. Induction of cerebral ischemia in the control group produced considerable infarctions in the cortex and striatum in conjunction with severely impaired motor functions. Candesartan treatment significantly reduced the infarct volumes and improved the above functions. The water content in the left (lesioned) hemisphere was considerably elevated in the control ischemic group. Candesartan treatment significantly lowered the water content in the ischemic lesioned hemisphere, retained tissue GSH level, and led to a lower MDA production. AT1 receptor blockade by candesartan treatment can noticeably decrease ischemic brain injury and attenuate edema formation, likely via increasing the antioxidant activity.

Item Type:Article
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده مسئول :حمداله پناهپور
نویسنده :شهاب بهلولی
نویسنده :سید اقبال متولی باشی
Additional Information:Impact Factor : 0.384 Abstracted/Indexed in: Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition, SCOPUS, EMBASE, Google Scholar, EBSCO, CSA, Academic OneFile, Academic Search, AGRICOLA, Biological Abstracts, BIOSIS, CSA Environmental Sciences, Gale, OCLC, SCImago, Summon by Serial Solutions
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):Keywords: focal cerebral ischemia, brain edema, candesartan, malondialdehyde, glutathione.
Subjects:QT physiology
QV pharmacology
WL Nervous system
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Department of Basic Sciences > Department of Pharmacology
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Basic Sciences > Department of physiology
ID Code:5466
Deposited By: Dr Hamdollah Panahpour
Deposited On:19 Dec 1392 13:41
Last Modified:19 Dec 1392 13:41

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