آیا هنوز هم شکاف ایمنی در سطوح بالای پوشش ایمن سازی ملی درایران وجود دارد؟

زهرایی, سیدمحسن and عشرتی, بابک and گویا, محمدمهدی and محمدبیگی, ابوالفضل and کامران, عزیز (1393) آیا هنوز هم شکاف ایمنی در سطوح بالای پوشش ایمن سازی ملی درایران وجود دارد؟. Archives of Iranian Medicine ــ 17 (8). pp. 698-701. شاپا 1029-2977

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Is There Still an Immunity Gap in High-level National Immunization Coverage, Iran?

English Abstract

As there is a significant number of Iranian immigrant and illegal refugees living in marginal areas of large cities that might induce immunization gap in these areas. The aim of this study was to provide reliable information on vaccination status of these people. A cross sectional study was conducted on children 24–47 month old who lived in the suburb areas of five large cities of Iran in 2013. Proportional cluster sampling method was used in each city and standard questionnaire of the World Health Organization applied for the purpose of data collection. The survey counts immunizations based on immunization card plus the history of vaccination according to the mother’s memory. All gathered data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 16). Overall, 4502 children (49.2% female) aged 24–47 month participated in this survey among which 88.1% were Iranian and 11.9% were Afghan or other nationalities. Totally, 4479 (99.4%, CI 95%: 99.2%–99.6%) of the children had a vaccination card while 828 (18.5%, CI 95%; 15.8%–21.1%) could not present it to the interviewers. 96.8% of children were fully immunized, 3.2% were partially immunized and 0.1% were not immunized. There was no significant difference in terms of vaccine coverage among males and females. The prevalence of partially immunization in non-Iranian children was six fold of Iranian children (11.9% vs. 2%). Immunization program is implemented appropriately with high coverage rates in suburb areas of the country. However, there is still an immunity gap in non-Iranian immigrants, which should be a health system considered as a high-risk group by the health system.

Item Type:Article
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده اول :سیدمحسن زهرایی
نویسنده :بابک عشرتی
نویسنده :محمدمهدی گویا
نویسنده مسئول :ابوالفضل محمدبیگی
نویسنده :عزیز کامران
Additional Information:IF: 1.222 Indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, EMBASE, SCOPUS, CINHAL, PASCAL, CSA, SID
Uncontrolled Keywords:پوشش ایمن سازی، شکاف ایمنی، ایران، حومه
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):Immunization coverage, immunity gap, Iran, suburb
Subjects:WA Public Health
WA Public Health

WC Communicable Diseases
Divisions:Faculty of Health > Department of Public health
Faculty of Health > Department of Public health
Faculty of Health > Department of Public health
ID Code:6010
Deposited By: Dr Aziz Kamran
Deposited On:15 Aug 1393 08:30
Last Modified:07 Mar 1402 13:14

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