سیلندرومای پوست سر

رستمی مقدم, مجید and ملکی, نصراله (1394) سیلندرومای پوست سر. Journal of Research in Medical Sciences ــ 20 (9). pp. 923-924. شاپا 1995-1735

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Official URL: http://jrms.mui.ac.ir/index.php/jrms/article/view/...


Cylindroma of the scalp

English Abstract

A 56-year-old woman presented with a long-standing history of a slow-growing multiple scalp nodules. Her daughter and aunt also had a history of similar cutaneous lesions. Physical examination revealed multilobulated large epiphytic pink nodules, 2.5 cm by 6 cm in greatest dimension, on the scalp [Figure 1]. The nodules were painless, solid and movable from the underlying surface. Results of routine laboratory examinations were normal. The histopathology of the scalp nodule revealed a well-defined dermal lesion composed of islands and cords of dark basaloid cells arranged in a jigsaw puzzle-like pattern and separated by hyaline basement membrane material, which was suggestive of cylindroma [Figure 2]. This patient underwent staged procedures, with debulking surgery followed by contouring with split-thickness skin graft. After one year, she was lost to follow-up. Cylindromas are benign skin appendage tumors. They can be seen in conjunction with spiradenomas and trichoepitheliomas, which this condition is known as Brooke-Spiegler syndrome (BSS) [1]. BSS is a rare autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations of the cylindromatosis gene (CYLD) located at 16q12-q13 [2]. The penetrance of the gene has been estimated to be between 60% and 100% [3]. Histologically, the tumors are circumscribed, nonencapsulated dermal nodules composed of islands and cords of basaloid cells surrounded by a thick, hyalinized, PAS-positive basement membrane. The cells are arranged in an interlocking “jigsaw-puzzle-” like architecture [4]. Treatment options in BSS are mainly for cosmetic concern. For solitary tumors, surgical excision is the treatment of choice. Other forms of therapy include electrodesiccation, curettage, cryosurgery and excision with the use of carbon dioxide or Nd:YAG laser [5, 6]. Topical 5% imiquimod cream has been advocated as a useful treatment [7]. Recently, it was suggested that targeting NF-κB in cylindroma therapy may be of therapeutic potential in patients with multiple tumors in the course of BSS. In one case of familial trichoepitheliomas significant improvement was achieved with a combination of adalimumab and aspirin. This combination was chosen in order to block TNFα induced activation of NF-κB at two different levels of the signaling pathway [8]. Several therapeutic agents, including sodium salicylate, COX2 inhibitors (i.e. celecoxibe), corticoids and prostaglandins, as well as phytomedical products inhibit NF-κB activity and thus may be of benefit in BSS [9]. However their possible clinical efficacy remains to be elucidated.

Item Type:Article
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده اول :مجید رستمی مقدم
نویسنده مسئول :نصراله ملکی
Additional Information:Impact Factor (2015) 0.812 Indexed in: ISI, Pubmed, Scopus, Chemical Abstract, DOAJ, EMBASE, , DOAJ, EMRO, SID
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):Dermal cylindroma, scalp, histopathology
Subjects:QZ Pathology
WR Dermatology
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology , Psychiatry , Neurology
ID Code:7167
Deposited By: Dr Nasrollah Maleki
Deposited On:20 Oct 1394 06:05
Last Modified:26 Nov 1395 05:39

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