بررسی مسمومیتهای اتفاقی بستری شده در بیمارستان کودکان تبریز(2016)

احمدآبادی, فریدا and داوودی, عارفه and احمدآبادی, فرزاد and رضا زاده, حسن (1395) بررسی مسمومیتهای اتفاقی بستری شده در بیمارستان کودکان تبریز(2016). Pharmaceutical Sciences ــ 22 (2). pp. 137-132. شاپا 403x-1735


Official URL: http://journals.tbzmed.ac.ir/PHARM


Unintentional Poisoning in Children Admitted to Tabriz Pediatric Hospital

English Abstract

Background: Poisoning is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children. Medicines and household cleaning products are responsible for the majority of cases. The aim of the present study is to analyze poisoning cases presenting to Tabriz children hospital. Methods: The present descriptive cross-sectional study, of all poisoning cases presenting to the children hospital during January 2014 to July 2015 and children from one to twelve years of age were included. The data was collected through referring to all parents of the children and using a questionnaire that included demographic and poisoning characteristic information. The demographic features included gender, age, place of residency and type of poisons was investigated. Also parents were interviewed by using structured questionnaire containing information on socio-demographic factors, parental smoking, parental education level, child's behavior, and storage practices of hazardous substances of caregivers inside homes. Results: Children poisoning was common among low educated family with parental smoker and was higher for boys (59%) than girls (41%). However, there was no mortality. Poisoning was unintentional and most of the poisoned cases, 63 (61.7%) of the children involved were below the age of four years i.e., between 1 and 3 years of age. Pharmaceutical products were thecommonest agents accounting for 50% of all cases; followed by pesticides (15.7%), poisonous mushrooms (13.7%), Petroleum products (10.8%) and household detergents (9.8%). Conclusion: Improvement in the socioeconomic status of parents and health education on proper/ safe storage of medicines, chemicals and household detergents will help in reducing the incidence of poisoning.

Item Type:Article
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده اول :فریدا احمدآبادی
نویسنده :عارفه داوودی
نویسنده :فرزاد احمدآبادی
نویسنده مسئول :حسن رضا زاده
Additional Information:Indexed in: Scopus, CAS, Embase, J-gate, DOAJ, Google Scholar, SCImago, ***Research Article
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):Poisoning,Unintentional,pediatrics
Subjects:QV pharmacology > QV 600 Toxicology
QV pharmacology
W Health professions
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Department of Pediatrics , Community Medicine
ID Code:7684
Deposited By: Dr Farzad Ahmadabadi
Deposited On:30 Apr 1395 10:01
Last Modified:30 Apr 1395 10:01

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