غربالگری سرطان سینه و گردن رحم در زنان اردبیل، شمالغرب ایران: یک مطالعه مبتنی بر جامعه(2017)

فرزانه, اسماعیل and حیدری, حشمت اله and شکارچی, علی اکبر and کامران, عزیز (1395) غربالگری سرطان سینه و گردن رحم در زنان اردبیل، شمالغرب ایران: یک مطالعه مبتنی بر جامعه(2017). OncoTargets and Therapy ــ 2017 (10). pp. 985-992. شاپا 1178-6930

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Breast and cervical cancer-screening uptake among females in Ardabil, northwest Iran: a community-based study

English Abstract

Purpose: Breast and cervical cancers are the most commonly diagnosed type of cancer and cause of cancer-related deaths in Iranian females. In contrast to previous studies, this study was carried out with a large sample size for assessment of breast self-examination (BSE)-, clinical breast examination (CBE)-, mammography-, and Pap smear-uptake rates and determination of associations among these screening behaviors with sociodemographic and cognitive variables in Azeri females. Materials and methods: This was a cross-sectional, community-based study that was carried out among 1,134 females 20–60 years old during March–June 2016. Data-collection variables included sociodemographic questions, screening behaviors for breast and cervical cancer, self-efficacy, beliefs, and barriers to breast and cervical cancer screening. Collected data were analyzed by SPSS version 13 using χ2, Mann–Whitney U, and logistic regression tests. Results: Among the 1,134 participants, 53.9%, 9.8%, and 28.1% had done BSE, CBE, and Pap smear tests, respectively, and among the 625 females aged >40 years, 187 (29.9%) had done the mammography test. Moreover, 416 (36.7%), 103 (16.5%), and 64 (5.6%) females had done BSE, mammography, and CBE regularly, respectively. Beliefs, barriers, income, health insurance, number of children, and age were all important factors for BSE and regular BSE and mammography. Females who had high belief scores were more likely to undertake mammography (odds ratio [OR]: 1.2, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.03–1.5), regular mammography (OR: 4.2, 95% CI: 1.9–9.3), regular CBE (OR: 1.25, 95% CI: 1.2–1.3), and Pap smears (OR: 1.2, 95% CI: 1.1–1.4). Also, females who had high self-efficacy scores were more likely to perform regular BSE (OR: 1.8, 95% CI: 1.4–2.5) and mammography (OR: 2.5, 95% CI: 1.4–4.6) than females with lower self-efficacy scores. Conclusion: The frequency of breast and cervical cancer screening was low in our study. The findings of this study indicated that beliefs, self-efficacy, and barriers were important predictive factors of cancer-screening behavior among the females studied.

Item Type:Article
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده اول :اسماعیل فرزانه
نویسنده :حشمت اله حیدری
نویسنده :علی اکبر شکارچی
نویسنده مسئول :عزیز کامران
Additional Information:IF(2015): 2.272 Indexed in: ISI, PubMed/PMC, Scopus
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):breast cancer, cervical cancer, screening, females
Subjects:WA Public Health
WA Public Health

WP Gynecology
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Department of Internal Medicine , Cardiology , Infectious
Faculty of Health > Department of Environmental health
ID Code:8531
Deposited By: Dr Aziz Kamran
Deposited On:15 Dec 1395 11:56
Last Modified:18 Dec 1401 10:06

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