اپیدمیولوژی مارگزیدگی در استان اردبیل

فرزانه, اسماعیل and فولادی, نسرین and شفائی خانقاه, یوسف and میرزامحمدی, زهرا and نسل سراجی, فرناز and مهرپور, امید (1396) اپیدمیولوژی مارگزیدگی در استان اردبیل. Electronic Physician ــ 9 (3). pp. 3986-3990. شاپا 2008-5842


Official URL: http://www.ephysician.ir


Epidemiological study of snakebites in Ardabil Province (Iran)

English Abstract

Introduction: Average annual incidence of snakebite worldwide is between 5.5 to 1.2 million, and at least 125,000 of them are fatal. In Iran, around 4,500-11,000 snakebites occur annually, and a small number of them are fatal. Snake bites can cause intoxity and immediate death in patients, and the aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiological study of snakebites in Ardabil Province. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional that has been done on 67 snakebite patients who were admitted to the Imam Khomeini Hospital of Ardabil during 2008-2013. Information included: age and sex of victims, region of incidence, site of bite, hospitalized duration and symptoms. Data analyzed by descriptive statistical methods using SPSS version 19. Results: There was significant difference between the two sexes (p=0.001). There was no significant difference between the mean age of male and female victims (p=0.68). Most of the victims were in the age group of 20-29 years (34.3%). All snakebites happened in rural areas. There was no significant relation between gender of victims and the residential location of victims (p=0.32). Most snakebites happened during 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. (32.8%). Most of the snakebites occurred in spring and summer seasons. Results showed that most of the bites in yearly months was seen in the summer season and the difference between seasons is significant. (p=0001). Most snakebites, with 38 cases (56.7%), were observed on lower limbs and among them right limbs with 20 cases (52.6%) had the greatest number. There was significant difference between organs of bites in victims because the most organs were in the right lower limb (p=0.002). Of all cases, 66 (98.5%) were injured by a species of viper snake. All patients, showed symptoms of pain, swelling, erythema and ecchymosis bite. Twenty-seven (40.3%) of all cases, suffered fainting. Nausea and vomiting were two other common symptoms. The antidote used in patients was 5.1±1.3 vials. The mean incidence rate of snakebite was an estimated 4.1 per 100000. Conclusions: Possible risk factors include male gender and young age. It was also found that the stings reach peak in the morning and noon. These reports are all in rural areas, and mostly occurred in the warm months. Snakebites in rural parts around Ardebil were prevalent. Severe side effects were rare, but the incidence of other complications was common among the victims.

Item Type:Article
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده اول :اسماعیل فرزانه
نویسنده :نسرین فولادی
نویسنده مسئول :امید مهرپور
Additional Information:Indexed in: Pubmed/PMC, CINAHL , HINARI, Index Copernicus, EBSCO, Google Scholar, DOAJ, Iran Medex,
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):Snakebite, Poison, Epidemiology
Subjects:WA Public Health
WA Public Health
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Department of Pediatrics , Community Medicine
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Surgery
ID Code:8620
Deposited By: Dr Firouz Amani
Deposited On:21 Jan 1396 04:15
Last Modified:04 Sep 1396 11:06

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