اثرات بهداشت منسوب به دی اکسید گوگرد آلاینده

گراوندی, سحر and گودرزی, غلامرضا and بابایی, علی اکبر and تکدستان, افشین and محمدی, محمدجواد and وثوقی, مهدی and سلمانزاده, شکرالله and شیربیگی, عصمت (1394) اثرات بهداشت منسوب به دی اکسید گوگرد آلاینده. Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences ــ 7 (3). pp. 15-19. شاپا 2252-021x


Official URL: http://www.jjhsci.com


Health Endpoint Attributed to Sulfur Dioxide Air Pollutants

English Abstract

Background: Sulfur dioxide is a colorless gas, released from burning of coal, high-sulfur coal, and diesel fuel. Sulfur dioxide harms human health by reacting with the moisture in the nose, nasal cavity and throat and this is the way by which it destroys the nerves in the respiratory system. Objectives: The aim of this study was to focus on identifying the effects associated with sulfur dioxide on health in Ahvaz, Iran. Materials and Methods: Data collections were performed by Ahvaz meteorological organization and the department of environment. Sampling was performed for 24 hours in four stations. Methods of sampling and analysis were according to US environmental protection agency (EPA) guideline. Afterwards, we processed the raw data including instruction set correction of averaging, coding and filtering by Excel software and then, the impact of meteorological parameters were converted as the input file to the AirQ model. Finally, we calculated the health effects of exposure to sulfur dioxide. Results: According to the findings, the concentration of sulfur dioxide in Ahvaz had an annual average of 51 μg/m3. Sum of the numbers of hospital admissions for respiratory diseases attributed to sulfur dioxide was 25 cases in 2012. Approximately, 5% of the total hospital admissions for respiratory disease and respiratory mortality happened when sulfur dioxide concentration was more than 10 mg/m3. Conclusions: According to the results of this study, this increase could be due to higher fuel consumption, usage of gasoline in vehicles, oil industry, and steel and heavy industries in Ahwaz. The risk of mortality and morbidity were detected at the current concentrations of air pollutants.

Item Type:Article
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده اول :سحر گراوندی
نویسنده :غلامرضا گودرزی
نویسنده :علی اکبر بابایی
نویسنده :افشین تکدستان
نویسنده مسئول :محمدجواد محمدی
نویسنده :مهدی وثوقی
نویسنده :شکرالله سلمانزاده
نویسنده :عصمت شیربیگی
Additional Information:Indexed in: Index Copernicus, Google scholar, ISC, Magiran, SID
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):Sulfur Dioxide; Health; Air Pollutants; Hemoglobin; Iran
Subjects:WA Public Health > WA 30 Social, Economic, and Environmental factor in public health
WA Public Health > WA 30 Social, Economic, and Environmental factor in public health
Divisions:Faculty of Health > Department of Occupational Health
ID Code:8715
Deposited By: Dr Mehdi Vosoughi Niri
Deposited On:25 Feb 1396 08:50
Last Modified:09 Oct 1400 09:58

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