title

پاسخ دهی تراشه به ایزوپرنالین و مهار کننده گیرنده آدرنرژیکی بتا- دو در خوکچه های هندی حساس شده و در معرض دود سیگار

بسکابادی, محمد حسین and کیانی, سارا and اصلانی, محمدرضا (1385) پاسخ دهی تراشه به ایزوپرنالین و مهار کننده گیرنده آدرنرژیکی بتا- دو در خوکچه های هندی حساس شده و در معرض دود سیگار. Respirology ــ 11 (5). pp. 572-578. شاپا 1440-1843

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1440-...


Title

Tracheal responsiveness to both isoprenaline and beta(2)-adrenoreceptor blockade by propranolol in cigarette smoke exposed and sensitized guinea pigs

English Abstract

Objective: Airway hyperresponsiveness is the main feature of asthma and also exists in cigarette smokers. In previous studies we have shown increased airway responsiveness to isoprenaline in asthmatic patients and smokers. In this study, tracheal responsiveness to isoprenaline and β-adrenergic receptor blockade was investigated in animals exposed to cigarette smoke (AECS) with or without sensitization by ovalbumin (OA). Methodology: Guinea pigs were exposed to cigarette smoke over a 3-month period with or without sensitization by injection and inhalation of OA. Tracheal responses in AECS, AECS + sensitized and control animals (n = 7 for each group) to isoprenaline in the absence and presence of 20 nmol/L propranolol were measured and EC50 was established. The propranolol blockade (concentration ratio minus one (CR-1)) was calculated (post-propranolol EC50/EC50) − 1. Results: The tracheal response of AECS and AECS + sensitized guinea pigs to isoprenaline was significantly higher than that of control animals (EC50: 4.24 ± 0.54, 3.66 ± 0.53 and 7.71 ± 0.68.79 μmol for AECS, AECS + sensitized and control animals, respectively) (P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in EC50 between AECS and AECS + sensitized. CR-1 was also significantly higher in the trachea of AECS and AECS + sensitized compared with controls (13.39 ± 2.22 and 15.35 ± 2.95 vs. 3.10 ± 0.6, P < 0.05 in both cases). There was no significant difference in CR-1 between AECS and AECS + sensitized. There was a significant correlation between the tracheal response to isoprenaline (EC50) and CR-1 (r = −0.731, P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in tracheal maximum response to isoprenaline between the three groups of animals. Conclusions: The results of this study indicate an increased tracheal response to a β2-adrenergic stimulating drug and enhanced β2-adrenergic blockade by propranolol in both AECS and AECS + sensitized. These results suggest similar increase in airway responsiveness to β2-adrenergic agonists and β2-receptor blockade in AECS and AECS + sensitized guinea pigs.

Item Type:Article
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده مسئول :محمد حسین بسکابادی
نویسنده :سارا کیانی
نویسنده :محمدرضا اصلانی
Additional Information:IF: 1.518 Indexed in ISI, PubMed/Medline, Scopus
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):beta2-adrenoreceptor blockade, COPD, guinea pig, tracheal responsiveness
Subjects:QT physiology
QV pharmacology
WF Respiratory System
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Department of Basic Sciences > Department of physiology
ID Code:8819
Deposited By: Dr Mohammad Reza Aslani
Deposited On:24 Apr 1396 08:36
Last Modified:26 Jun 1402 14:45

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