title

بررسی اثر حلال های کمکی در سنجش فعالیت رادیکال آزاد هیدروکسیل به شیوه ارزیابی تخریب 2-دِاکسی ریبوز: مطالعه موردی در آلفا-لیپوئیک اسید(2017)

بریزولاری, آندره آ and م. کمپیسی, گیوسپ and سانتانیلو, انزو and رزاقی اصل, نیما and ساسو, لوسیانو and س. فوتی, ماریو (1395) بررسی اثر حلال های کمکی در سنجش فعالیت رادیکال آزاد هیدروکسیل به شیوه ارزیابی تخریب 2-دِاکسی ریبوز: مطالعه موردی در آلفا-لیپوئیک اسید(2017). Biophysical Chemistry ــ 220 . pp. 1-6. شاپا 0301-4622

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Title

Effect of organic co-solvents in the evaluation of the hydroxyl radical scavenging activity by the 2-deoxyribose degradation assay: The paradigmatic case of α-lipoic acid

English Abstract

The 2-deoxyribose degradation assay (2-DR assay) is an in vitro method broadly used for evaluating the scavenging activity against the hydroxyl radical (HOradical dot). One of the major drawbacks of the assay, however, is that only water soluble compounds can be tested for their radical-scavenging activity. Lipoic acid (LA) is an excellent scavenger of HOradical dot but it exhibits a low solubility in the aqueous milieu of the 2-DR assay and a high tendency to polymerize under a variety of conditions. We used LA as a paradigmatic substrate to evaluate the effect of several organic co-solvents in increasing its solubility. Most of these solvents, however, demonstrated to be potent scavengers of HOradical dot making their use in the 2-DR assay improper. On the other hand, acetonitrile showed a remarkably low reactivity toward HOradical dot (rate constant ~ 8.7 × 106 M− 1 s− 1) which allowed us to use it as a co-solvent in the preparation of stock solutions of LA ~ 5 mM. We therefore evaluated the radical-scavenging activity of LA by the 2-DR assay in a relatively large range of concentrations, 1–200 μM. We found that the rate constant for LA + HOradical dot is diffusion-controlled (~ 1 × 1010 M− 1 s− 1 in water at 25 °C) and uninfluenced by the presence of small quantities of acetonitrile. Therefore, the use of acetonitrile in the 2-DR assay does not interfere with the test and may increase the solubility of the radical scavengers.

Item Type:Article
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده اول :آندره آ بریزولاری
نویسنده :نیما رزاقی اصل
نویسنده مسئول :ماریو س. فوتی
Additional Information:Impact Factor (2016) 2.402 Indexed in: ISI, Pubmed/Medline/Index Medicus, Scopus, BIOSIS, Elsevier BIOBASE, Chemical Abstracts, Current Contents/Life Sciences, EMBASE, PASCAL M
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):2-Deoxyribose degradation assay; Hydroxyl radical; Scavenging activity; Lipoic acid; Acetonitrile
Subjects:QV pharmacology > QV 744 Medicinal Chemistry
QV pharmacology
Divisions:School of Pharmacy > Department of Medicinal Chemistry
ID Code:8833
Deposited By: Mrs sepideh Dashti
Deposited On:16 Mar 1396 05:39
Last Modified:12 Dec 1396 08:00

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