مسمومیت سرب در معتادان تریاک خوراکی با درد شكم

فرزانه, اسماعیل and حبیب زاده, افشین and مهرپور, امید (1396) مسمومیت سرب در معتادان تریاک خوراکی با درد شكم. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology ــ 11 (2). pp. 22-25. شاپا 0973-9122


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Lead Toxicity among Oral Opium Addicts with Abdominal Pain: A Case Series of 17 Cases

English Abstract

jective Lead toxicity is a common health problem worldwide. It is usually occupational but sometime non-occupational toxicities are reported. Opium-related lead toxicity has been reported in recent years. Here we evaluated common clinical findings among oral opium addicts with proven lead toxicity. Methods We evaluated 17 cases of opium addict male patients (mean age of 49.82±11.52 years) with abdominal pain and anemia visiting Imam Khomeini Hospital, Ardabil, Iran during April and May 2016. Clinical manifestations, laboratory findings and treatment outcome were studied. Results The duration of addiction was 14.58±7.46 years. Mean lead level was 93.36±27.84 μg/dL (48.4144 μg/dL). All patients had anemia, abdominal pain and reduced appetite. Common manifestations were irritability and sleep disturbance (76.5%), fatigue (70.6%), Constipation (64.7%), vomiting (58.8%), abdominal cramp (52.9%) and muscle weakness (29.4%). Basophilic stippling was seen in 11 out of 17 cases. All patients were treated with D-Penicillamine 250 mg three times a day and significant improvement of symptoms was observed during the first week of treatment. Conclusion In conclusion, Lead poisoning should be considered in patients with a history of opium abuse who present with abdominal pain and anemia. Proper treatment should be initiated for these patients.

Item Type:Article
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده اول :اسماعیل فرزانه
نویسنده :افشین حبیب زاده
نویسنده مسئول :امید مهرپور
Additional Information:Indexed in: Scopus, Google Scholar, InfoBase Index, EBSCO Discovery
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):Lead toxicity, Opium, Addiction, Abdominal pain, Treatment
Subjects:WB Practice of Medicine
Divisions:Faculty of Medicine > Department of Internal Medicine , Cardiology , Infectious
ID Code:9206
Deposited By: Ms Zeynab Imani
Deposited On:22 Jul 1396 05:31
Last Modified:27 Jul 1396 06:06

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