بیماری آسم بستری در بیمارستان به دلیل مواجهه با اکسیدان های هوای آزاد در شهر مشهد، ایران

غفاری, حمیدرضا and ابراهیمی اول, حمیده and االله آبادی, احمد and مکمل, عادل and خمیرچی, رمضان علی and یوسف زاده, سمیرا and احمدی, احسان and رحمانی ثانی, ابوالفضل and استاجی, مهدی and قنبرنژاد, امین and قلیزاده, عبدالمجید and تقوی, محمد and میری, محمد (1396) بیماری آسم بستری در بیمارستان به دلیل مواجهه با اکسیدان های هوای آزاد در شهر مشهد، ایران. Environmental Science and Pollution Research ــ online . pp. 1-7. شاپا 0944-1344


Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11356-0...


Asthma disease as cause of admission to hospitals due to exposure to ambient oxidants in Mashhad, Iran

English Abstract

Nowadays, asthma is one of the most common chronic respiratory diseases, worldwide. Many reports have emphasized the correlation between the short-term exposure to the ambient air pollutants and acute respiratory diseases, especially among children with asthmatic symptoms. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the exposure to three atmospheric antioxidants (NO2, SO2, and O3) and hospital admission due to asthmatic disease (HAAD) in the city of Mashhad, Iran. The concentrations of atmospheric antioxidants were obtained from the real-time monitoring stations located in the city. The collected data were employed for developing predictive models in the AirQ software. In order to investigate the association between short-term exposure to air pollutants and HAAD, the study participants were categorized into two age groups: less than 15 and from 15 to 64 years old. The results indicated that in people less than 15 years increase in NO2 (attributable proportion (AP) = 3.775%, 95% CI 0.897–6.883%), SO2 (AP = 3.649%, 95% CI 1.295–5.937%), and O3 (AP = 0.554%,95% CI 0.00–3.321) results in increase in HAAD. While for those aged between 15 and 64 years, the AP was 4.192% (95% CI 0.450–7.662%) for NO2; 0.0% (95% CI 0.00–1.687%) for SO2; and 0.236% (95% CI 0.00–1.216%) for O3. The number of asthmatic cases who were less than 15 years admitted to the hospitals during the study period was higher than that of those within the age groups between 15 and 64 years as a consequence of exposure to NO2 (101 vs. 75), SO2 (98 vs. 0), and O3 (15 vs. 3), respectively. To the best of our knowledge, the AirQ model has not been applied before to estimate the effect of atmospheric antioxidant exposure on hospital admission because of asthma disease. Eventually, this model is proposed to be applicable for other cities around the world.

Item Type:Article
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده اول :حمیدرضا غفاری
نویسنده :عادل مکمل
نویسنده مسئول :محمد میری
Additional Information:Impact Factor (2016) 2.741 Indexed in: ISI, Pubmed/Medline/Index Medicus, Scopus, Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS), EMBASE, Google Scholar, ProQuest, CAB International, Academic OneFile, AGRICOLA, ASFA, Biological Abstracts, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, CEABA-VtB, Current Abstracts, Current Contents/ Agriculture, Biology & Environmental Sciences, EBSCO Biomedical Reference Collection, EBSCO Discovery Service, EBSCO Environment Complete, EBSCO Environment Index, EBSCO STM Source, EBSCO TOC Premier, EBSCO Wildlife & Ecology Studies Worldwide
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):Asthma syndromes . Admission to hospitals . Air oxidant pollutants . AirQ software . Mashhad . Iran
Subjects:WA Public Health > WA 30 Social, Economic, and Environmental factor in public health
WA Public Health > WA 30 Social, Economic, and Environmental factor in public health
Divisions:Faculty of Health > Department of Environmental health
ID Code:9291
Deposited By: Mr Adel Mokammel
Deposited On:06 Aug 1396 07:10
Last Modified:23 Sep 1402 10:11

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