title

غلظت بی فنیل های پلی کلره در هوای داخل/دی فنیل اتر پلی برمه در هوای داخل و گردوخاک داخل ساختمانها در بیرمینگهام انگلستان: مواجهه انسانی

هاراد, استوارت and حضرتی, صادق and ایبارا, کاتالینا (1385) غلظت بی فنیل های پلی کلره در هوای داخل/دی فنیل اتر پلی برمه در هوای داخل و گردوخاک داخل ساختمانها در بیرمینگهام انگلستان: مواجهه انسانی. Environmental Science and Technology ــ 40 (15). pp. 4633-4638. شاپا 0013-936X

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/toc/esthag/40/15


Title

Concentrations of Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Indoor Air and Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers in Indoor Air and Dust in Birmingham, United Kingdom: Implications for Human Exposure

English Abstract

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were measured in air (using PUF disk passive samplers) in 31 homes, 33 offices, 25 cars, and 3 public microenvironments. Average concentrations of ªBDE (273 pg m-3) and ªPCB (8920 pg m-3) were an order of magnitude higher than those previously reported for outdoor air. Cars were the most contaminated microenvironment for ªBDE (average ) 709 pg m-3), but the least for ªPCB (average ) 1391 pg m-3). Comparison with data from a previous spatially consistent study, revealed no significant decline in concentrations of ªPCB in indoor air since 1997- 98. Concentrations in indoor dust from 8 homes were on average 215.2 ng ªBDE g-1, slightly higher than other European dust samples, but twenty times lower than Canadian samples. Inhalation makes an important contribution (between 4.2 and 63% for adults) to overall UK exposure to ªPCB. For ªBDE, dust ingestion makes a significant buts in contrast to Canadasa not overwhelming contribution (up to 37% for adults, and 69% for toddlers). Comparison of UK and Canadian estimates of absolute exposure to ªBDE suggest that differences in dust contamination are the likely cause of higher PBDE body burdens in North Americans compared to Europeans.

Item Type:Article
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده مسئول :استوارت هاراد
Additional Information:cited By (since 1996) 76 Impact factor: 4.458 Indexed/Abstracted in: CAS, SCOPUS, EBSCOhost, Thomson-Gale (Gale Group), Proquest, British Library, PubMed, CABI, Ovid, Web of Science, and SwetsWise
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):Concentration (process); Contamination; Dust; Parameter estimation; Polychlorinated biphenyls, Average concentrations; Indoor dust; Microenvironments; Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE), Indoor air pollution, polybrominated diphenyl ether; polychlorinated biphenyl, Concentration (process); Contamination; Dust; Indoor air pollution; Parameter estimation; Polychlorinated biphenyls, air sampling; atmospheric pollution; dust; indoor air; PBDE; PCB; pollution exposure; public space, air sampling; article; Belgium; body burden; Canada; car; dust exposure; gas chromatography; home; human; indoor air pollution; ingestion; inhalation; Kuwait; mass spectrometry; microenvironment; solvent extraction; Spain; statistical analysis; United Kingdom; United States; workplace, Adult; Air; Air Pollution, Indoor; Canada; Child, Preschool; Dust; Environmental Exposure; Great Britain; Humans; Infant; Inhalation Exposure; Particulate Matter; Polychlorinated Biphenyls; Vehicle Emissions, Birmingham [England]; England; Eurasia; Europe; United Kingdom; Western Europe
Subjects:WA Public Health > WA 30 Social, Economic, and Environmental factor in public health
WA Public Health > WA 30 Social, Economic, and Environmental factor in public health
Divisions:Faculty of Health > Department of Environmental health
ID Code:981
Deposited By: MS Soghra Golmaghani
Deposited On:02 Dec 1388 10:36
Last Modified:11 Feb 2013 06:07

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