title

آنالیز مکانی لیشمانیوز احشایی در مهمترین کانون بیماری در ایران

مرادی اصل, اسلام and حنفی بجد, احمدعلی and راثی, یاور and وطن دوست, حسن and محبعلی, مهدی and یعقوبی ارشادی, محمدرضا and حبیب زاده, شهرام and حضرتی, صادق and رفیع زاده, ساینا (1396) آنالیز مکانی لیشمانیوز احشایی در مهمترین کانون بیماری در ایران. Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases ــ 11 (4). pp. 482-496. شاپا 1735-7179

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Title

Situational Analysis of Visceral Leishmaniasis in the Most Important Endemic Area of the Disease in Iran

English Abstract

Background: Visceral leishmaniasis is one of the most important vector borne diseases in the world, transmitted by sand flies. Despite efforts to prevent the spread of the disease, cases continue worldwide. In Iran, the disease usually occurs in children under 10 years. In the absence of timely diagnosis and treatment, the mortality rate is 95–100%. The main objective of this study was to determine the spatial and temporal distribution of visceral leishmaniasis as well as its correlation with climatic factors for determining high-risk areas in an endemic focus in northwestern Iran. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, data on VL cases were collected from local health centers in Ardabil Prov­ince, Iran during 2001–2015 to establish a geodatabase using ArcGIS10.3. Data analysis was conducted using SPSS23 and ArcMap Spatial Analyst. MaxEnt model was used to determine ecologically suitable nichesfor the disease. Results: Two hotspots were found in Meshkinshahr and Germi counties with 59% and 23% of total cases, respec­tively. There was an increase in the incidence rate of VL in Ardabil County from 2.9 in 2009 to 9.2/100,000 population in 2015. There was no spa­tial autocorrelation between county and total number of cases (P> 0.05). Higher NDVI, lower altitude and southern as­pects had positive effects on the presence probability of VL. Conclusion: The number of cases of this disease have been rising since 2013 and doubled in 2015. According to the derived distribution maps, the disease is spreading to new locations such as Ardabil and Namin counties.

Item Type:Article
زبان سند : انگلیسی
نویسنده اول :اسلام مرادی اصل
نویسنده مسئول :احمدعلی حنفی بجد
نویسنده :یاور راثی
نویسنده :حسن وطن دوست
نویسنده :مهدی محبعلی
نویسنده :محمدرضا یعقوبی ارشادی
نویسنده :شهرام حبیب زاده
نویسنده :صادق حضرتی
نویسنده :ساینا رفیع زاده
Additional Information:Impact Factor (2016) 1.218 Indexed in: ISI, Pubmed/PMC, Scopus, Embase, Google Scholar, DOAJ, CABI Publishing, Index Copernicus, Magiran, Iran Medex, SID
کلیدواژه ها (انگلیسی):Visceral leishmaniasis, Seroepidemiology, GIS, Iran
Subjects:QX Parasitology
WA Public Health
WA Public Health

WC Communicable Diseases
Divisions:Faculty of Health > Department of Public health
Faculty of Health > Department of Public health
Faculty of Health > Department of Public health

Faculty of Medicine > Department of Internal Medicine , Cardiology , Infectious
ID Code:9866
Deposited By: Dr eslam moradiasl
Deposited On:07 Mar 1397 10:40
Last Modified:06 Jun 1398 08:57

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